qualitative comparative analysis

qualitative comparative analysis
The name given by Charles Ragin (The Comparative Method, 1987) to his proposed technique for solving the problems that are caused for comparative macrosociologists by the fact that they must often make causal inferences on the basis of only a small number of cases. The technique is based on the binary logic of Boolean algebra, and attempts to maximize the number of comparisons that can be made across the cases under investigation, in terms of the presence or absence of characteristics (variables) of analytical interest. Thus, for example, 18 cases (say, nation-states) involving 7 independent variables (presence or absence of economic recession, of an external threat to state security, and so on) might be examined in order to identify the causal factors involved in the emergence of revolutions, in this example yielding no fewer than 128 (27) different combinations of causal conditions. Ragin claims that the technique combines the strengths of case-oriented (qualitative) and variable-oriented (quantitative) approaches to comparative sociology . Critics argue that it allows only for logical rather than statistical representativeness; makes no allowance for missing variables or error in the data; that not all variables of interest have only two values; and that the method is therefore highly sensitive to the way in which each case must be coded in a binary fashion. For example, the choice between ‘presence of economic recession versus absence of economic recession’ makes no allowance for intermediate conditions, or for the length and severity of recession itself. These coding problems are heightened where (as is often the case) the researcher is dealing with continuous variables-such as income and the degree of inequality in its distribution-which can obviously be collapsed in different ways.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Qualitative comparative analysis — (QCA) is a technique, developed by Charles Ragin in 1987, for solving the problems that are caused by making causal inferences on the basis of only a small number of cases. [ [http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O88 qualitativecomparatvnlyss.html… …   Wikipedia

  • Comparative analysis — is type of analysis used in various of sciences and in different modifications: Criminology and forensics: Comparative contextual analysis criminology Comparative bullet lead analysis forensics Sociology: Qualitative comparative analysis… …   Wikipedia

  • comparative sociology — comparative sociology, comparative method All sociology is implicitly comparative, since social phenomena are invariably held in some way to be typical, representative, or unique, all of which implies appropriate comparison. Émile Durkheim was… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Comparative (disambiguation) — Contents 1 Language 2 Social sciences 3 Government and law 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Comparative politics — Part of the Politics series Politics List of political topics Politics by country …   Wikipedia

  • analysis — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ careful, close, comprehensive, detailed, in depth, serious, systematic, thorough ▪ brief ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • Qualitative Sociology — Infobox Journal discipline = Humanities, social sciences and law abbreviated title = noeffect abbreviation = publisher (country) = noeffect publisher = Springer country = Netherlands publication history = noeffect history = March 1997 Present… …   Wikipedia

  • Qualitative economics — refers to representation and analysis of information about the direction of change (+ or ) in some economic variable(s) as related to change of some other economic variable(s) (James Quirk, 1987, p. 1). What makes the change of a variable… …   Wikipedia

  • Comparative research — is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures. A major problem in comparative research is that the data sets in different countries may not use the same categories, or define …   Wikipedia

  • Comparative psychology — Psychology …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”